Statement of the Czech Republic on Behalf of the European Union at the IAEA Board of Governors, 15-19 June 2009

ČLÁNEK JE K DISPOZICI POUZE V ANGLIČTINĚ: Item 5 (d): „Report by the Director General on the application of Safeguards in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea“.

Madam Chairperson

1.  I have the honour to speak on behalf of the European Union. The Candidate Countries Turkey, Croatia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia*, the Countries of the Stabilisation and Association Process and potential candidates Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia, and the EFTA countries Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, members of the European Economic Area, as well as Ukraine, the Republic of Moldova, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia associate themselves with this statement.

2.  The EU strongly condemns the test of a nuclear explosive device proclaimed by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on 25 May 2009 in breach of the UN Security Council Resolution 1718, and its NPT obligations. The EU considers such a test to be unacceptable and fully supports the statement by the UN Secretary-General issued on 25 May in which he deplored nuclear test by DPRK and asked Security Council to send strong and unified message requesting the DPRK to refrain from taking any further actions that would increase tension in the region.

3.  The EU also supports the resolution 1874 approved by the Security Council on 12 June 2009 in response to the provocative act by the DPRK.

4.  Defying the Security Council resolutions and statements and the calls of the international community, this test profoundly jeopardizes regional stability and represents a severe threat to international peace and security. It is also a flagrant breach of the Joint Declaration of South and North Korea on the Denuclearisation of the Korean Peninsula which entered into force in February 1992.

5.  The EU is deeply concerned by the latest missile launches by the DPRK, as well as the proliferation activities of the DPRK in the missile and nuclear fields. The EU calls on the DPRK to abide by UNSC resolutions 1695, 1718 and 1874 and refrain from any further proliferation-related activities.

Madam Chairperson,

6.  The EU attaches great importance to the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and has fully supported the efforts of the Six-Party Talks aimed at the complete, irreversible and verifiable disablement and dismantlement of all nuclear weapons and existing nuclear programmes in the DPRK.

7.  Therefore the EU strongly urges the DPRK to renounce nuclear weapons and return immediately and without preconditions to the Six-Party Talks and work towards implementation of the Joint statement of September 2005. The EU expresses its grave concerns over the decision by the government of the DPRK to withdraw from the Six-Party Talks, to cease all cooperation immediately with the IAEA by requesting IAEA personnel to remove all Agency containment and surveillance equipment from the nuclear facilities and requiring that the inspectors leave the DPRK at the earliest possible time. This decision by the DPRK contravenes the UNSC Resolution 1718 and overall efforts by the international community to help secure peace and stability on a future nuclear-free Korean Peninsula through the process of the Six-Party Talks.

8.  The EU urges the government of the DPRK to reverse its decision to expel IAEA inspectors as well as the decision to restore the nuclear facilities which have been disabled, to maintain its cooperation with the IAEA, to allow an early resumption of the Six-Party Talks, as demanded by the UN Security Council’s presidential statement and Resolution 1874, and to take such steps that will facilitate lasting stability and the denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula.

9.  In this connection the EU calls on DPRK to return to compliance with the Treaty on Non Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards obligations.

Madam Chairperson,

10  The IAEA has a central role to play in the verification of the nuclear programme in the DPRK, including its past activities. The prerequisite for such verification remains the submission of a complete and correct declaration of nuclear materials and facilities by the DPRK. The EU urges the DPRK to provide this declaration to the Agency promptly and allow for its verification.

11.  We reaffirm that the disablement and dismantlement of the  nuclear weapons programme and related installations, in the DPRK, implementation of relevant UNSC resolutions and abandoning nuclear and ballistic weapon activities and their proliferation are mandatory and constitute indispensable steps towards maintaining stability and  peace in the region.

Thank You, Madam Chairperson


*Croatia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia continue to be part of the Stabilisation and Association Process.

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