Plzeň Region

  • Official namePlzeňský kraj (Plzeň Region)
  • Population552,982
  • Area7561 km2
  • Number of municipalities501, of which 50 are towns
  • NUTS IISouth-West

If you would like to know where Škoda cars or the world-famous Pilsner Urquell beer originated, go visit Plzeň, a city which has been, ever since its establishment, the natural centre of a region with the same name.

Šumava National ParcIn terms of area, the Plzeň Region is the third largest region in the Czech Republic; however, in terms of population it ranks ninth. The Plzeň Region can thus offer visitors a large lively metropolis as well as quiet surrounding countryside, filled with quaint little villages, or complete peace and solitude in Šumava National Park.

In 1295, the city of New Plzeň was established by the order of Czech King Wenceslas II at the confluence of four rivers; from its very beginning, it became an important trading centre. The industrial and technological boom began in the mid-nineteenth century. Gradually, Plzeň became one of the most important cities in the country. Currently, Plzeň is the fourth largest city in the Czech Republic. Besides Plzeň, other regional centres include Klatovy, Domažlice, Tachov and Rokycany. 

Largest castle ruins in Bohemia

RabíThe location of the region is also significant in terms of tourism. Visitors and inhabitants of the region can enjoy not only many cultural institutions, including theatres, cinemas, galleries, museums, castles and chateaus, but also many sports facilities, whether they are tourists, cyclists or, in winter, skiers. The Plzeň Region and the city of Plzeň are also world-famous for their breweries. In addition to the museum, the Pilsner Urquell Brewery also operates the largest Czech pub, “Na Spilce”, which has a capacity of five hundred and eighty.

In addition to the above-mentioned characteristics, the region is home to a wide spectrum of Czech “bests”. Sts. Peter and Paul’s Rotunda in Starý Plzenec is the oldest architectural monument preserved in its entirety in the Czech Republic. St. Bartholomew’s Cathedral in Plzeň has the highest steeple in Bohemia (102 m) and is located on one of the largest medieval town squares in the country. Plzeň is also home to a synagogue, which is the largest in the Czech Republic, the second largest in Europe and the third largest in the world after the synagogues in Budapest and Jerusalem. Šumava and the Bohemian Forest, along with the adjacent Bavarian Forest, form the largest forested area in Central Europe. And then there is Rábí Castle, the largest castle ruins in Bohemia. The list could go on, as the region offers many more “bests”, and, naturally, there are many other locations in the region that are of interest to visitors.

Regional projects

In addition to its natural and cultural heritage, the region boasts a variety of successful projects. The most interesting among them have been selected by the region itself.

Geographic information system truly without borders – a joint project of the Plzeň Region and Bavaria

Along with the expansion of the European Union in recent years, great interest has been focused on cooperation between the states and their regions in the field of geographic information systems (GIS), which can be described simply as digital maps.

It is curious that, up to the present time, most maps have ended at the border of a country. Creation of a uniform map database for territories on both sides of the border was an important impulse for cooperation on this project; a good example of such cooperation is the information system project for the territories of the Plzeň Region and Bavaria, resulting in a uniform map database for mid-range scales (1:10,000 to 1:25,000), and for the territories of the Plzeň Region, Upper Palatinate and Lower Bavaria. These maps are, along with other specialised geo-data (protected areas and natural reserves) available at the Plzeň Region’s interactive portal (please see

At present, the results of this project are being prepared for use in protection of the population by the region’s fire rescue departments. For this purpose, further development of the project in the form of thematic expansion to include geo-data on economic development, tourism, transport, the environment and spatial planning is expected.

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Last update: 16.8.2011 16:03

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