The Government of the Czech Republic is the supreme body of executive power. It consists of the Prime Minister, Vice Prime Ministers, and Ministers. The Government is accountable to the Chamber of Deputies. After parliamentary elections, the President appoints a new Prime Minister and, following a proposal from the new Prime Minister, other members of Government (Ministers), whom he entrusts with the management of ministries and other authorities. Within 30 days of its appointment, the Government presents its case to the Chamber of Deputies and asks for a vote of confidence. If an absolute majority of members present in the Chamber of Deputies casts a vote of confidence, the Government has obtained the confidence of the chamber. If it receives a vote of no-confidence, it must resign and the President of the Republic appoints another person to assemble the Government. If this new Government fails to win the chamber’s confidence, the President of the Republic appoints a new Prime Minister on a proposal from the chairperson of the Chamber of Deputies. If this third attempt fails, the President of the Republic dissolves the Chamber of Deputies and calls early elections.

The Government convenes once a week at its regular meeting. The Prime Minister organizes the Government’s activities, chairs its meetings, acts in its name and performs other activities entrusted to him by the Constitution or other laws. In his absence, he is represented by a Vice Prime Minister or by a Delegated Minister. The Government takes decisions on fundamental issues of national importance, unless such decisions fall under the competence of ministries or other state authorities. The Government adopts decisions by way of government resolutions further to written material presented by a member of the Government or, under exceptional circumstances, further to oral information in urgent cases. A government resolution requires the approval of an absolute majority of all members of the Government and is binding upon all members, ministries and other state authorities.

Government meetings are closed to the public. Government resolutions and minutes of the meetings are posted on the website of the Office of the Government.

Last update: 16.8.2011 16:02

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