Common Fisheries Policy

Using fish stocks and other fishery resources in a sustainable manner is the main priority of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP). The preferred fishing methods under this objective are environment-friendly ones. The Common Fisheries Policy guaranteed by all Member States of the European Union is the basic instrument for the management of fisheries and aquaculture with the following priorities:

  • 1. solutions leading to the preservation, management and sustainable use of stocks of fish and other aquatic animals
  • 2. limitations of the impacts of fishing on the environment
  • 3. development of structural policies and definition of the condition of access to fishing and use of fishery resources
  • 4. management of the EU fishing fleet seeking to find a balance between its capacity and the extent of fishery resources
  • 5. management and joint organisation of the market seeking to establish a balance between the need of the Community market and the interests of European fishermen
  • 6. managing international fishery relations and relations with third countries (bilateral agreements)
  • 7. provision of mechanisms for the control activities of the EU

The Czech Republic joins global efforts to maintain biodiversity not only in the seas but also in the watercourses in the connected seas. In order to eliminate the negative impact of human activities on the aquatic environment, the Czech Republic makes use of not only the scientific and technical resources it possesses but also its professional expertise and long experience with carp fish breeding.

Priorities of the Czech EU Presidency

The general objective, which the Czech Republic will seek to achieve during its Presidency, is a sustainable management of fishery resources, so as to ensure ecological, economic and social conditions in the fisheries sector in general and in regions dependent on fishing. This approach will be applied throughout the Presidency during discussions on potential modifications of the draft regulation on the total allowable catches, quotas, multiannual management and recovery plans. The priority issues to be tackled during the Czech Presidency in the first half of 2009 will include: technical measures in fisheries, implementation of the control regime to enforce the rules of the Community imposed by the Common Fisheries Policy, issues related to hake stocks in the northern seas, issues related to the stocks of horse mackerel and tuna. Other issues will include shark protection, European aquaculture, a document of the Commission concerning reform and simplification of the Common Fisheries Policy. In bilateral agreements on fishery between the EU and third countries, there will be consultations with Guinea Bissau and Mauritius seeking renewal of the concluded protocols, which will allow EU vessels to fish in the territorial waters of these countries. Furthermore, there are plans to begin discussions related to highly migratory fish species and anchovy. 

The Czech Presidency will pursue external aspects of the Common Fisheries Policy decisively at all levels. For this purpose, the Presidency will promote an active role of the EU in such international organisations as the UN, FAO and OECD, and also in regional organisations with a focus on strengthening the implementation of and compliance with commitments made and on improving conservation and management measures. Regarding bilateral fishing agreements, the Presidency will strive to achieve the aim of maintaining a stable relationship with third countries. In connection with this, it will be important to support the recommendations of international organisations about fishery management based on the latest research results.

Faced with the increasing scarcity of many fish stocks, it becomes obvious that there is a pressing need for sustainable and responsible fishing, although fishing alone will not be able to meet the demand of the population for fish and other fish products under the existing conditions. At present, almost half of the fish consumed around the world comes from aquaculture. Under these circumstances, aquaculture will play an increasingly important part in the future alongside sea fishing, complementing it to an ever greater degree.

The development of this particular economic sector should be a priority of the European Union. For the Czech Republic, which is one of the prominent aquaculture producers, this is an important topic that deserves our attention. One of the goals of the Czech Presidency will be to bring attention to the significance of freshwater aquaculture both within the EU and at international level.

Last update: 16.8.2011 16:01

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