Veterinary Affairs

Bodies of state veterinary supervision are responsible for far-reaching tasks that encompass numerous areas. The most important of these include the protection of public health, the protection of animal health and inspections of imports from third countries.

One of the key challenges for veterinary hygiene and the protection of public health is to ensure a high degree of protection for animal health and human health. Veterinary supervision takes place throughout the food chain: starting with agricultural primary production, moving on through processing, shipping and storage, and ending with the distribution of animal products.

The protection of animal health is currently geared towards continuation of the national programme of recovery from infectious bovine rhinotracheitis in cattle, continuation of national programmes to contain the incidence of salmonella in poultry farms, and continuation of the oral vaccination of fox against rabies. The observation and control of the presence of hazardous diseases (e.g. avian influenza, bovine spongiform encephalopathy and bluetongue) are other fields of action.

Another priority is to maintain the status of countries officially free of bovine tuberculosis, bovine brucellosis, ovine and caprine brucellosis, bovine leukosis and Aujeszky's disease. Veterinary measures also centre on the supervision of animal welfare.

In the field of external relations and import and export inspections, bodies of state veterinary supervision are responsible for organising, managing and controlling state territory to prevent the introduction, from third countries, of animal diseases and diseases transmissible from animals to humans, and for controlling the observance of EU conditions for imports of animals and food of animal origin from third countries.

Priorities of the Czech Presidency

The Czech Republic will continue to focus its attention on implementing a policy whereby human and animal health is not compromised by products of animal origin. Work will continue on the preparation of a report assessing the implementation and application of hygiene package regulations. The Czech Republic will continue to be actively involved in legislation concerning residues of veterinary medicinal products, the monitoring and evaluation of the risk of increased resistance of selected microbial strains as a result of the use of antimicrobial substances in veterinary practices, and progress in programmes to control certain zoonotic agents (salmonella, campylobacteria). It will continue to consult new legislative proposals on the disposal of animal by-products.

Further discussion on the new EU strategy on animal health in connection with the possibility of reviewing the Community’s horizontal animal health legislation is also needed.

The Czech Presidency will continue the established process of concluding veterinary agreements between the EU and third countries, and controls at points of entry into the EU to ensure that imports of animals and products of animal origin from those countries to the EU do not pose a risk to public or animal health. An emphasis is placed on infections transmissible between animals and humans (avian influenza, salmonellosis, etc.) and serious contagious livestock diseases (foot-and-mouth disease, rinderpest, bluetongue, classical swine fever, African horse sickness, etc.). Further, the Czech Republic will promote concerted action in the introduction of uniform conditions for exports of animals and products of animal origin from the EU to third countries.

Last update: 16.8.2011 16:01

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