Human rights

Fundamental human rights in the European Union (EU) – protection of personal data

The Czech Republic will seek to secure an adequate standard of fundamental human rights and freedoms with special attention being paid to the right to privacy and the protection of personal data. In this respect, the Presidency will take care to ensure that, in connection with the pursuit and exercise of individual tasks and priorities, this fundamental human right is not suppressed or violated.

It is necessary in this context to mention the rapid development of communication networks and technologies which make it easier to receive and handle the necessary information. Naturally, this has not only positive, but also negative impacts; specifically, data can be abused to make serious incursions into privacy, often connected with economic and social damage. At the same time, there is pressure to carry out further mass collection of personal data about citizens, especially – but not only – for the purposes of enforcing law and increasing security. Therefore, the issue of protecting privacy and personal data should be regarded as very sensitive and, at the same time, pervasive, as it has implications for a whole number of activities. Examples include the issues of the Hague and post-Hague Programme, policy on asylum and migration, e-Justice, Schengen cooperation and visa policy, information society, e-Health, and intelligent transport systems.

In general, the Czech Republic will strive, above all, to ensure that data is collected only for a clearly predetermined purpose, solely to the extent strictly necessary, and for a time period required for the performance of specific tasks, and that abuse of such data for other purposes is prevented. It will also be necessary, especially as regards asylum and migration policy, the collection of passenger data, and the Schengen agenda, to make sure that the gathering of personal data does not lead to automated decisions having inordinately negative and irreversible implications for data subjects. With regard to the agenda of e-Health and intelligent transport systems, scrupulous care should be taken in considering data subjects’ right not to participate in the relevant information system. Finally – especially where personal data is processed by remote transmission (e.g. in e-Health and e-Justice projects), specific rules to safeguard secure processing, and strict restrictions on data access need to be considered.

Major individual topics:

  • Protection of personal data and the right to privacy in connection with the development of communication networks and technologies
  • Protection of personal data and the right to privacy in the context of measures taken to enhance security

Last update: 16.8.2011 16:01

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